5 Creatures of the Sea

Psychrolutes marcidus

Also known as the blobfish, this fish can be found in Australia and New Zealand, within the depths of 600 and 1,200 meters, the Psychrolutes marcidus is actually perceived at first to be a sad fish from its more popular photographs.

blobfish_1565953c  In truth, however, the Psychrolutes marcidus in the above picture has deceased, and the reason why it looks so sad is because the actual muscles of the Psychrolutes Psychrolutes_marcidusmarcidus relaxes when it is introduced to the surface, due to the complete lack of pressure acting upon the creature, causing what is mistaken as a gloomy, dead blob.  Thus, the Psychrolutes marcidus cannot be kept alive out of the surface, even if it were to be immediately thrown back into the water.  There is not much known about the Psychrolutes marcidus as to what it eats (other than crabs, sea pens, and microscopic creatures) or how it reproduces, simply because they prefer to remain alone.  The Psychrolutes marcidus has no patterns or recognizable hunting mechanisms built into its body.  The Psychrolutes marcidus floats around because it lacks the muscles necessary to move.

Scotoplanes

A sea creature that lives on the abyssal plain of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian ocean, between 3000 to 5000 meters.  The Scotoplane falls into the classification of holothuroidea, and they are otherwise known as sea pigs or cucumbers.  This creature feeds off of decaying organic compounds that live in the mud of the abyss.  Although they feed off of decaying organic compounds, these sea cucumbers will also prefer the bodies of deceased organisms thatScotoplanes slowly sink down into abyss after a long period of time.  The Scotoplane has a pink hue, tube like legs for locomotion, and a mouth equipped to quickly search the sea floor for food. Since these sea creatures have a soft body and lowSea-Pig-1 defenses they are likely to succumb to parasites from the ocean. The parasites that are most likely to attach to a Scotoplane would be the Stilapex (parasitic sea snail) and Crustacean parasites which would feed off the Scotoplanes internal organs. As for the Stilapexs, it would attach themselves to the Scotoplane and consume its liquids.

Pennatulacea

A a3586998145_b56541eb77_znimal similar to a plant is named the Sea Pen because of its similarity to a quill pen. These animals anchor themselves in sand and grow stalks similar to plants along with a bulb to root themselves into the sea floor. They have the ability to move themselves from place to place, shift positions and so on. These animals get the name Sea Pen because the structure of this animal is similar to that of a feathered pen. When the sea pen roots itself into the ocean floor at 2000 meters it uses its stalk to catch plankton and intake water. When Sea Pens are disturbed they will  release water out of themselves while emitting a bright green light in order to retreat into the sand. The Sea Pens are found in groups at the ocean floor normally where there is less current so that they could burrow into the sand.

 

Astroscopus guttatus

The Astroscopus guttatus cannot survive the pressure that resides within the abyss, so it prefers to remain 36 meters dowNorthern_Stargazern in the depths of Chesapeake Bay, located in the Atlantic Ocean of the United States.  The stargazer holds ownership to a speckled, thin body, and averages between 8 to 18 inches in length, up to a maximum of 22 inches.  They hunt for small fish, crabs, and other various crustaceans by creating a vacuum with their mouths.  In order to catch its prey by surprise, the stargazer swims down against the sand, eventually causing it to become completely covered and camouflaged.  It also makes use of 110 volts of electricity in order to stun anything unfortunate enough to swim in its path.

 

Pterois

(Also known as the Lionfish) The Pterois is a toxic predator located in the Pacific and Indian oceans, found within the depths of 1 to 300 feet. These types of sea creatures are generally slow, so in order to defend themselves, they are covered with toxic spines for protection. The toxins that this fish contains are strong enough to kill humans or cause serious side effects theylionfish are injected with the poison.  Because the Lionfish is an invasive species, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is constantly researching ways to control the growing population of Lionfish. As a direct result of their persistence, the NOAA has encouraged the capture and consumption of Lionfish for population control since 2010.

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